Meaning of section 6 (3) of 1999 constitution

Meaning of section 6 (3) of 1999 constitution

What is the Meaning of section 6 subsection three of Nigeria 1999 constitution. In this article I will like to explain the Meaning of section 6 (3) of 1999 constitution

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Meaning of section 6 (3) of 1999 constitution

The section 6 subsection 3 of Nigeria 1999 constitution power of judiciary stated that

The courts to which this section relates established by this Constitution for the Federation and for the States, specified in subsection (5) (a) to (i) of this section, shall be the only superior courts of record in Nigeria; and save as otherwise prescribed by the National Assembly or by the House of Assembly of a State, each court shall have all the powers of a superior court of record

Here’s a simplified breakdown of this section

1 The courts mentioned in this section (Federal and State courts) are the highest courts in the land.

2 These courts are the only ones with the authority to make and enforce laws.

3 Each of these courts has the power to:

– Hear and decide cases

– Make judgments

– Enforce their decisions

– Review and overturn lower court decisions

In essence, this section is setting up the supreme courts at the federal and state levels as the ultimate authorities in Nigeria’s judicial system.


1. The courts listed in subsections (5)(a) to (5)(i) are the only superior courts of record in Nigeria.

“Superior courts of record” means these are the highest-level courts that have the authority to make rulings that are officially recorded.

2. Except for any changes made by the National Assembly (the federal legislature) or the State House of Assembly, each of these courts will have all the powers and authorities of a superior court of record.

So in summary, this section is outlining the structure of the court system in Nigeria, stating that the courts listed are the top-level courts with full judicial powers, and that their powers and jurisdictions can only be modified by the national or state legislatures, not any other means.

The key point is that this establishes a clear hierarchy and limits to the court system, ensuring there is a defined set of superior courts with established authorities as laid out in the constitution.


This law is about establishing courts in Nigeria.

It says there are specific courts listed in subsection (5) that are the most important courts (superior courts). These courts are created by the Constitution itself for both the federal government and the states.

There can be other courts created, but these superior courts are the most important ones.

These superior courts have the power to keep official records of their cases (courts of record).

The National Assembly (federal legislature) and the State Houses of Assembly (state legislatures) can make some exceptions to these rules, but generally, these superior courts have a lot of authority.

In short, this law sets up the main court system in Nigeria, with superior courts handling important cases.

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